Northwest Africa 3160 Lunar Meteorite

End cut of NWA 3160.
End cut of NWA 3160.


Official Meteoritical Bulletin entry for Northwest Africa 3160:

Northwest Africa 3160
     Morocco
     Find: July 2005
     Achondrite (lunar, mare basalt breccia)

History: In July 2005, A. and G. Hupé purchased three broken stones with a total weight of 34 g from a Moroccan dealer in Erfoud, Morocco.
Physical Characteristics: The largest stone (28 g) has a partial thin weathered fusion crust.
Petrography: (R. Zeigler and R. Korotev, WUSL; A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS) The large specimen consists almost entirely of a fine-grained, olivine-phyric basalt clast with minor attached breccia matrix and appears to be part of a larger, coarse-grained, polygenic breccia. The two small stones are pieces of the breccia. The basalt contains phenocrysts of euhedral to subhedral olivine (~0.1–0.9 mm) and minor chromite (<0.1 mm).
Geochemistry: Olivine phenocrysts are zoned, with cores typically Fo55–70 and rims extending to ~Fo40 with FeO/MnO ratios of 91–105. The groundmass has spinifex olivine (Fo29) and skeletal pyroxene (En37–39Wo11–13; FeO/MnO = 71–75) set in a fine-grained matrix of pyroxene (En35–39Wo20–23), olivine (~Fo22), and glass. The breccia lithology is a fragmental breccia consisting primarily of olivine (Fo6–82) and pyroxene (En1–68Wo9–39Fs16–83), with minor amounts of plagioclase (An82–97) and trace silica; hedenbergite-fayalite-silica symplectite (after former pyroxferroite), and Fe-Ti-Cr oxides.
Classification: Achondrite (lunar, mare basalt breccia).
Specimens: A 4.8 g type specimen and one polished thin section are on deposit at UWS. A 2.1 g specimen is on deposit at WUSL. AHupé holds the main mass.

Scientific abstracts and news regarding NWA 3160:

Korotev R. L., Irving A. J., and Bunch T. E.
(2012) Keeping Up With the Lunar Meteorites 2012 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLIII, abstract no. 1152,
43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2012/pdf/1152.pdf

Kuehner S. M., Irving A. J., and Korotev R. L.
(2012) Petrology and composition of lunar mare ferroan gabbro breccia Northwest Africa 7007:
New insights into the complex petrogenesis of Northwest Africa 773 and siblings (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLIII, abstract no. 1519,
43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2012/pdf/1519.pdf

Fagan T. J. * Wakabayashi Y. Suginohara A. Kashima D.
(2012) Do high Ti abundances in lunar basalts lead to silica-enrichment? Yes and no (abstract).
75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 5110.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2012/pdf/5110.pdf

Wang Y., Guan Y., Hsu W., and Eiler J. M.
(2012) Water content, chlorine and hydrogen isotope compositions of lunar apatite (abstract).
75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 5170.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2012/pdf/5170.pdf

Macke R. J., Kiefer W. S., Britt D. T., Irving A. J., and Consolmagno G. J.
(2011) Densities, porosities and magnetic susceptibilities of meteoritic lunar samples: Early results (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLII, abstract no. 1986,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2011/pdf/1986.pdf

Macke R. J., Britt D. T., and Consolmagno G. J.
(2011) Density, porosity and magnetic susceptibility of achondritic meteorites.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, 311-326.

Wakabayashi Y., Fagan T. J., Hayakawa S., Sasamoto A.
(2011) Evolution of trapped vs. main liquids during crystallization of Northwest Africa 773 olivine cumulate (abstract).
Thirty-Fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, p. 85-86.
National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo.
http://yamato.nipr.ac.jp/AMRC/symposium/2011/abstracts/M_FaganTim.pdf

McCubbin F. M., Steele A., Hauri E. H., Nekvasil H., Yamashita S., and Hemley R. J.
(2010) Nominally hydrous magmatism on the Moon.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006677107.
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2010/06/07/1006677107.full.pdf

Nagaoka H. Karouji Y., Takeda H, Ebihara M., and Hasebe N.
(2010) Chemical signatures in bulk element composition for Northwest Africa 2977 (abstract).
73th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 5182.
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2010/pdf/5183.pdf

Zhang A. C., Taylor L. A., Hsu W. B., Floss C., Li X. H., and Liu Y.
(2010) Petrogenesis of lunar meteorite Northwestern Africa 2977:
Rare earth element geochemistry and baddeleyite Pb/Pb dating (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLI, abstract no. 1052,
41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2010/pdf/1052.pdf

Zhang A.-C., Hsu W.-B., Floss C., Li X.-H., Qiu-Li Li, Liu Y. and Taylor L. A.
(2010) Petrogenesis of lunar meteorite Northwest Africa 2977:
Constraints from in situ microprobe results.
Meteoritics and Planetary Science 45, 1929-1947.

Fagan T. J., Suginohara A., and Kashima D.
(2010) Effect of initial Ti-abundance on Si-enrichment during magmatic evolution of lunar basalts:
Initial modeling results (abstract).
The 33rd Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, Tokyo.
http://yamato.nipr.ac.jp/AMRC/symposium/2010/abstracts/Fagan.pdf

Gibson K. E., Jolliff B. L., Zeigler R. A., and Korotev R. L.
(2010) Testing petrogenetic relationships of the lunar nwa773 meteorite clan with nickel & cobalt in olivine? (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLI, abstract no. 2593,
41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2010/pdf/2593.pdf

Macke R. J., Kiefer W. S., Britt D. T., and Consolmagno G. J.
(2010) Density, porosity and magnetic susceptibility of lunar rocks (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XLI, abstract no. 1252,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2010/pdf/1252.pdf

Rochette P., Gattacceca J., Ivanov A. V., Nazarov M. A., and Bezaeva N. S.
(2010) Magnetic properties of lunar materials: Meteorites, Luna and Apollo returned samples.
Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.007.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V61-4YJ149F-1-W&_cdi=5801&_user=741313&_pii=S0012821X10001093&_orig=browse&_coverDate=03%2F05%2F2010&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVzz-zSkzS&md5=0f06ee43082905a82a4648560e14f5a9&ie=/sdarticle.pdf

Borg L. E., Gaffney A. M., Shearer C. K., DePaolo D. J., Hutcheon I. D., Owens T. L., Ramon E., and Brennecka G.
(2009) Mechanisms for incompatible-element enrichment on the Moon deduced from the lunar basaltic meteorite Northwest Africa 032.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 39633980.
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009GeCoA..73.3963B

Nyquist L. E., Shih C.-Y., Reese Y. D., and Irving A. J.
(2009) Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr ages for Northwest Africa 2977, a young lunar gabbro from the PKT (abstract).
72th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, number 5347.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2009/pdf/5347.pdf

Zhang A. and Hsu W.
(2008) Mineralogical and Raman spectroscopic studies of Northwestern Africa 2977 lunar meteorite (abstract).
71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 5122,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2008/pdf/5122.pdf

Fagan T. J., Hayakawa S., Kodama S., Kataoka Y., and Sasamoto A.
(2008) Late-stage crystallization products in NWA 773 group lunar meteorites (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, abstract no. 1854,
39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2008/pdf/1854.pdf

Gaffney A. and Borg L.
(2008) What we are learning about the Moon from lunar meteorites.
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72, 12S, p. A287.
http://goldschmidt.info/2008/abstracts/finalPDFs/A287.pdf

Fernandes V.A., Burgess R., Bischoff A., Sokol A. K., and Haloda J.
(2007) Kalahari 009 and North East Africa 003: Young (<2.5 ga) lunar mare basalts (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 1611,
38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1611.pdf

Hallis L. H. Joy K. H. Anand M., and Russell S. S.
(2007) Compositional analysis of the very-low-Ti mare basalt component of NWA 773 and comparison with low-Ti basalts, LAP 03632 & 02436 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 1703,
38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1703.pdf

Fagan T.
(2007) Formation of symplectite inclusions by direct quenching of
a high-FeO/(FeO+MgO) silicate liquid on the Moon (abstract).
Antarctic Meteorites XXXI, p. 15-16,
National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo.

Zeigler R. A., Korotev R. L., and Jolliff B. L.
(2007) Petrography, geochemistry, and pairing relationships of basaltic lunar meteorite stones NWA 773, NWA 2700, NWA 2727, NWA 2977, and NWA 3160 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 2109,
38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/2109.pdf

Burgess R., Fernandes V. A., Irving A. J., and Bunch T. E.
(2007) Ar-Ar ages of NWA 2977 and NWA 3160 lunar meteorites paired with NWA 773 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 1603,
38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1603.pdf

Fagan T. J.
(2007) Formation of symplectite-like inclusions by direct quenching from
igneous liquid in lunar meteorite NWA 773 (abstract).
70th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 5204.
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2007/pdf/5204.pdf

Jolliff B. L., Zeigler R. A., and Korotev R. L.
(2007) Compositional characteristics and petrogenetic relationships among the
NWA 773 clan of lunar meteorites (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 1489,
38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1489.pdf

Korotev R. L. and Zeigler R. A.
(2007) Keeping up with the lunar meteorites (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII, abstract no. 1340,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1340.pdf

Fagan T. J.
(2006) A record of extreme FeO/(MgO+FeO) enrichment during igneous crystallization
on the Moon preserved in lunar meteorite Northwest Africa 773 (abstract).
In Antarctic Meteorites XXX, 9-10,
National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo.

Bunch T. E., Wittke J. H., Korotev R. L., and Irving A. J.
(2006) Lunar meteorites NWA 2700, NWA 2727 and NWA 2977:
Mare basalt/gabbro breccias with affinities to NWA 773 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXVII, abstract no. 1375,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2006/pdf/1375.pdf

Zeigler R. A., Korotev R. L., Irving A. J., Jolliff B. L., Kuehner S. M., and Hupé A. C.
(2006) Petrography and composition of lunar basaltic meteorite NWA 3160 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII, number 1804,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2006/pdf/1804.pdf

Zeigler R. A., Korotev R. L., Jolliff B. L., Bunch T. E., and Irving A. J.
(2006) Pairing relationships among Northwest African basaltic lunar meteorites based on compositional and petrographic characteristics (abstract).
In Antarctic Meteorites XXX, 125-126,
National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo.
http://meteorites.wustl.edu/abstracts/ms2006/a_m06z01.pdf

Zeigler R. A., Korotev R. L., Jolliff B. L., Bunch T. E., and Irving A. J.
(2006) Pairing and petrogenetic relationships among basaltic lunar meteorites from northwest Africa (abstract).
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41, A197.
69th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society
, abstract no. 5235.
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2006/pdf/5235.pdf

Nishiizumi K. and Caffee M. W.
(2006) Constraining the number of lunar and martian meteorite falls (abstract).
In Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 41, p. A133,
69th Annual Meeting, Meteoritical Society.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2006/pdf/5368.pdf

Lorenzetti S., Busemann H., and Eugster O.
(2005) Regolith history of lunar meteorites.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, 315-327.
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005M%26PS...40..315L

Borg L. E., Shearer C. K., Asmerom Y., and Papike J. J.
(2005) Geochemical and isotopic systematics of the youngest dated
lunar igneous rock, Northwest Africa 773 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, abstract no. 1026,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2005/pdf/1026.pdf

Korotev R. L.
(2005) Lunar geochemistry as told by lunar meteorites.
Chemie der Erde 65, 297-346.
http://epsc.wustl.edu/%7Erlk/papers/korotev_2005_chemie_der_erde.pdf

Shearer C. K., Borg L. E., and Papike J. J.
(2005) A view of KREEP-rich lunar basaltic magmatism through the eyes of NWA 773 (abstract).
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, abstract no. 1191,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2005/pdf/1191.pdf

Borg L. E., Shearer C. K., Asmerom Y., and Papike J. J.
(2004) Prolonged KREEP magmatism on the Moon indicated by the youngest dated lunar igneous rock.
Nature 432, 209211.
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004Natur.432..209B

Nishiizumi K., Hillegonds D. J., McHargue L. R., and Jull A. J. T.
(2004) Exposure and terrestrial histories of new lunar and martian meteorites (abstract),
In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, abstract no. 1130,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2004/pdf/1130.pdf

Fagan T. J., Taylor J. G., Keil K., Hicks T. L., Killgore M., Bunch T. E., Wittke J. H., Mittlefehldt D. W., Clayton R. N., Mayeda T. K., Eugster O., Lorenzetti S., and Norman M. D.
(2003) Northwest Africa 773: Lunar origin and iron-enrichment trend.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38, 529554.
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003m%26ps...38..529f

Fernandes V. A., Burgess R. and Turner G.
(2003) 40 Ar-39Ar chronology of lunar meteorites Northwest Africa 032 and 773.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38, 555564.
http://adsbit.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?2003M%26PS...38..555F&data_type=PDF_HIGH&type=PRINTER&filetype=.pdf
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003m%26ps...38..555f

Jolliff B. L., Korotev R. L., Zeigler R. A., Floss C., and Haskin L. A.
(2003) Northwest Africa 773: Lunar mare breccia with a shallow-formed olivine-cumulate component, very-low-ti heritage, and a KREEP connection (abstract),
Lunar and Planetary Science 34, abstract #1935,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2003/pdf/1935.pdf

Jolliff B. L., Korotev R. L., Zeigler R. A., Floss C., and Haskin L. A.
(2003) Northwest Africa 773: Lunar mare breccia with a shallow-formed
olivine-cumulate component, very-low-Ti (VLT) heritage, and a KREEP connection.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67, 48574879.
http://epsc.wustl.edu/%7Erlk/papers/jolliff_et_al_2003_gca_nwa_773.pdf

Korotev R. L., Zeigler R. A., Jolliff B. L., and Haskin L. A.
(2002) Northwest Africa 773 - An unusual rock from the lunar maria,
65th Meteoritical Society Meeting, no. 5259.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2002/pdf/5259.pdf

Fernandes V. A., Burgess R. and Turner G.
(2002) North West Africa 773 (NWA773): Ar-Ar studies of breccia and cumulate lithologies (abstract).
In The Moon Beyond 2002: Next Steps in Lunar Science and Exploration, p. 16, abstract no. 3033, bLPI Contribution No. 1128,
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/moon2002/pdf/3033.pdf

Bridges J. C., Jeffries T. E.,  and Grady M. M.
(2002) Trace element signatures of trapped KREEP in olivine- rich clasts within lunar meteorite NWA773,
65th Meteoritical Society Meeting, no. 5137.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2002/pdf/5137.pdf

Fagan T. J., Keil K., Taylor G. J., Hicks T. L., Killgore M., Bunch T. E., Wittke J. H., Eugster O., Lorenzetti S., Mittlefehldt D.W., Clayton R.N., and  Mayeda T.
(2001) New lunar meteorite Northwest Africa 773:
Dual origin by cumulate crystallization and impact brecciation (abstract),
64th Meteoritical Society Meeting, no. 5149.
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2001/pdf/5149.pdf

Stöffler D., Knöll H.-D., Marvin U. B., Simonds C. H., and Warren P. H.
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In Proc. Conf. Lunar Highlands Crust
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Two fragments of the NWA 3160 Meteorite.
Two fragments of the NWA 3160 Meteorite.
  794mg slice of NWA 3160.
794mg slice of NWA 3160.

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